People in the Parkinson's community


In consultation with the Parkinson's State and Territory organisations, Parkinson's Australia has developed information sheets on a wide range of important topics related to Parkinson's.  These information sheets are reviewed and updated as required.

1.1 - Description, Incidence and Theories of Causation

Parkinson’s is a progressive neurological condition, which is characterised by both motor (movement) and non-motor symptoms.

1.2 - Parkinson's Symptoms

The provisional medical diagnosis is based on symptoms because there is no definitive medical test or radiological procedure which diagnoses Parkinson’s.

1.3 - Diagnosis of Parkinson's

The onset is gradual and obtaining a firm medical diagnosis can take some time in spite of the obvious presentation of many of the symptoms.

1.4 - Medical Options for Parkinson's

It is primarily related to a lack of dopamine as a result of degeneration of dopamine producing neurons within the mid-brain.

1.5 - Surgery for Parkinson's

Neurosurgery such as DBS may be considered as a treatment (not a cure) for suitable candidates and is available in most states in Australia.

1.6 - Parkinson's Plus

There are several other neurological conditions which resemble Parkinson’s which may be described as atypical Parkinsonism which are termed Parkinson’s Plus conditions.

1.7 - MPTP and Drug Induced Parkinson's

Parkinson’s is characterised pathologically by the loss of dopamine producing neurons in the substantia nigra within the basal ganglia.

2.1 - Communication and Parkinson's

Communication involves both verbal (speech) and non-verbal skills (facial expression, body language and writing). Parkinson’s has the potential to affect all aspects of communication and in turn impact on inter-personal relationships.

2.2 - Swallowing and Parkinson's

Safe and effective swallowing involves both motor and non-motor skills in addition to learned automatic movement sequences. Parkinson’s will affect all of these actions.

2.3 - Nutrition and Parkinson's

Adequate nutrition is vital to maintain health. This is particularly important when living with a chronic condition such as Parkinson’s.

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